Vaishnavi & Kuechler (2004) Design Science Research in Information Systems

Authors: Vaishnavi, Vijay K. and Kuechler, William L.
Citation Vijay K. Vaishnavi, William L. Kuechler (2004). Design Science Research in Information Systems. Ais, pp. 1–45. Open Access

BibTex entry for this article:

BibTex entry for this article:

author = {Vaishnavi, Vijay K. and Kuechler, William L.},
doi = {10.1007/978-1-4419-5653-8},
isbn = {0849337968},
issn = {02767783},
journal = {Ais},
pages = {1--45},
pmid = {12581935},
title = {{Design Science Research in Information Systems}},
type = {Open Access},
url = {},
year = {2004}

Key ideas


Design Science Research Methodology

With reference to Figure 3 a typical design science research effort proceeds as follows: (p. 7)

Awareness of Problem
  • An awareness of an interesting problem may come from multiple sources including new developments in industry or in a reference discipline.
  • Reading in an allied discipline may also provide the opportunity for application of new findings to the researcher's field.
  • The output of this phase is a Proposal, formal or informal, for a new research effort.
  • The Suggestion phase follows immediately behind the proposal
  • Suggestion is an essentially creative step wherein new functionality is envisioned based on a novel configuration of either existing or new and existing elements.
  • The Tentative Design is further developed and implemented in this phase.
  • The techniques for implementation will, of course, vary depending on the artifact to be created.
  • The implementation itself can be very pedestrian and need not involve novelty beyond the state-of-practice for the given artifact.
  • The novelty is primarily in the design, not the construction of the artifact.
  • Once constructed, the artifact is evaluated according to criteria that are always implicit and frequently made explicit in the Proposal.
  • Deviations from expectations, both quantitative and qualitative are carefully noted and must be tentatively explained.
  • The evaluation phase results and additional information gained in the construction and running of the artifact are brought together and fed back to another round of Suggestion.
  • This phase could be just the end of a research cycle or is the finale of a specific research effort.
  • This phase, as a conclusion of a research effort, needs to appropriately position the research being reported and make a strong case for its knowledge contribution.

Tables and figures


Design Science Research