Mushohwe, K. (2011) An Analysis of Selected Editorial Cartoons Published During Zimbabwe's 2008 Elec...

An Analysis of Selected Editorial Cartoons Published During Zimbabwe's 2008 Elections

Abstract

During Zimbabwe's 2008 harmonised elections the country's media laws had a direct impact on the way editorial cartoonists expressed themselves. Although the online newspapers were unregulated and the print media published under Zimbabwe's media laws, Public Order and Security Act and Access to Information and Protection of Privacy act - the editorial cartoons from both sources show deliberate bias towards one candidate and contempt towards the main rival. The study contextualises the understanding of the editorial cartoon, as practised in an environment of freedom of speech and defined by the four categories identified by Press (1981) and Manning and Phiddian (2004), and delineates the effect of media laws on the newspaper industry in Zimbabwe. The four categories of editorial cartoons identified are descriptive editorial cartoons, laughing satirical editorial cartoons, destructive satirical editorial cartoons, and savage indignation editorial cartoons. The study reviews eight editorial cartoons, read using a semiotic framework investigating non-verbal communication, as defined and suggested by Du Plooy (1996), and a text and language grid, as suggested by Leech (1974), according to the criteria of symbols/metaphors, exaggeration/distortion, stereotypes, caricature, irony, captions, and background knowledge, as developed by Fetsko (2001). A comparative analysis of the cartoons reveals that objectives and functions of the unregulated zimonline.co.za and the regulated the Herald newspapers are the same. They constitute propagandistic representations of Zimbabwean politics that are more an extension of political ideology than they are a reflection of the country's sociopolitical landscape.

Citation Knowledge Mushohwe (2011). An Analysis of Selected Editorial Cartoons Published During Zimbabwe's 2008 Elections (Master's Thesis, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa). Thesis

BibTex entry for this thesis:

BibTex entry for this thesis:

@phdthesis{mushohwe2011analysis,
address = {Port Elizabeth, South Africa},
author = {Mushohwe, Knowledge},
number = {November},
pages = {1--117},
school = {Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University},
title = {{An Analysis of Selected Editorial Cartoons Published During Zimbabwe's 2008 Elections}},
type = {Master's Thesis},
year = {2011}
}

Key ideas

Keywords:

Degree Magister Technologiae Graphic Design, Zimbabwe

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